Skip to main content

Table 3 Radiological Results

From: Radiologic comparison of posterior release, internal distraction, final PSO and spinal fusion with one-stage posterior vertebral column resection for multi-level severe congenital scoliosis

Items Group A (n = 24) Group B (n = 17) P value
Preoperative
 Segmental curve(°) 110.4 ± 10.5 (95-130) 109.4 ± 11.3 (90–126) 0.772
 Main curve(°) 118.3 ± 9.8 (102-142) 114.1 ± 12.7 (100-133) 0.249
 Compensatory cranial curve(°) 53.1 ± 6.5 (35-62) 50.7 ± 8.0 (36–61) 0.334
 Compensatory caudal curve (°) 57.0 ± 6.6 (42-70) 58.1 ± 7.3 (41–69) 0.607
 Coronal balance(cm) 0.8 ± 2.6 (−4.2 to 4.5) 0.2 ± 2.8 (−3.6 to 3.8) 0.853
 Sagittal balance(cm) 0.2 ± 2.1 (−3.1 to 4.0) 0.4 ± 1.9 (−3.0 to 3.5) 0.711
 T5-12 kyphosis(°) 64.2 ± 12.9 (33-85) 57.1 ± 15.9 (42-85) 0.202
 L1-S1 lordosis(°) −62.9 ± 10.2 (45-84) −61.0 ± 15.3 (35-72) 0.638
Postoperative
 Segmental curve(°) 32.5 ± 11.2 (17-58) 26.0 ± 5.2 (18–46) 0.076
 Main curve(°) 36.5 ± 10.4 (20-58) 30.2 ± 5.1 (25–41) 0.405
 IM corr (%) 69.3 ± 12.2(51.3-84.2) 77.3 ± 10.5(55.6-87.5) 0.727
 Compensatory cranial curve(°) 27.5 ± 5.4 (18-36) 17.8 ± 4.3 (15–28) 0.030
 IM corr (%) 68.4 ± 13.3(55.4-90.5) 70.3 ± 14.2(62.1–91.3) 0.546
 Compensatory caudal curve (°) 21.9 ± 4.9 (15-32) 17.4 ± 4.1 (12-25) 0.504
 IM corr (%) 63.1 ± 11.4(57.3-88.2) 71.2 ± 12.1(55.6–92.1) 0.421
 Coronal balance(cm) 0.3 ± 1.0(−1.2 to 1.6) 0.4 ± 0.8(−1.3 to 1.5) 0.590
 Sagittal balance(cm) 0.2 ± 1.1(−1.0 to 3.0) 0.7 ± 1.2(−2.3 to 2.8) 0.158
 T5-12 kyphosis(°) 32.7 ± 9.7(22-64) 35.5 ± 9.8(27–58) 0.359
 L1-S1 lordosis(°) −43.6 ± 7.2(36-59) −46.5 ± 6.6(38–56) 0.197
Final follow-up
 Segmental curve(°) 33.2 ± 10.8(18-55) 27.2 ± 6.4(12–50) 0.065
 Main curve(°) 38.3 ± 11.2 (16-60) 31.2 ± 6.1 (20–48) 0.115
 Final corr (%) 65.4 ± 13.3(48.6-86.2) 74.2 ± 11.7(52.3-84.2) 0.724
 Compensatory cranial curve(°) 30.5 ± 6.2 (20-41) 18.2 ± 5.5 (18–32) 0.017
 Final corr (%) 64.7 ± 12.5(52.3-91.7) 66.4 ± 10.9(55.8–93.8) 0.437
 Compensatory caudal curve(°) 23.2 ± 4.1 (14-30) 18.5 ± 6.2 (14–28) 0.426
 Final corr (%) 58.3 ± 11.7(48.3-77.4) 70.2 ± 12.5(53.4–90.2) 0.512
 Coronal balance(cm) 0.4 ± 1.2(−1.4 to 1.2) 0.2 ± 0.6(−1.3 to 1.7) 0.768
 Sagittal balance(cm) 0.1 ± 1.4(−1.5 to 3.3) 0.6 ± 1.4(−2.2 to 2.4) 0.250
 T5-12 kyphosis(°) 34.2 ± 8.6(20-66) 33.2 ± 7.8(26–60) 0.334
 L1-S1 lordosis(°) 44.2 ± 5.8(38-61) 43.5 ± 6.3(35–59) 0.243