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Table 3 Range of motion of four fixations with different loading

From: Treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures by short-segment pedicle screw fixation using a combination of two additional pedicle screws and vertebroplasty at the level of the fracture: a finite element analysis

Loading mode S-L S-I S-L-C S-I-C
Flexion 1.03° 0.95° 0.98° 0.87°
Extension 1.05° 0.98° 1.00° 0.92°
Left bending 2.92° 2.67° 2.75° 2.57°
Right bending 2.80° 2.54° 2.61° 2.51°
Left rotation 2.60° 2.32° 2.46° 2.23°
Right rotation 2.60° 2.32° 2.46° 2.23°