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Table 2 Crude (Model 1) and adjusted (Model 2) logistic regressions, with odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI), for musculoskeletal symptoms within the last 12 months, and for being prevented from performing their usual activities (at home/outside their home), due to musculoskeletal symptoms in the different body regions (neck, shoulders, elbows, hand/wrists) presented for participants with GJH (Generalised Joint Hypermobility) and GJHS (GJH including shoulder joint hypermobility), with NGJH (Non Generalised Joint Hypermobility) as reference group

From: Generalised joint hypermobility and shoulder joint hypermobility, – risk of upper body musculoskeletal symptoms and reduced quality of life in the general population

Musculoskeletal
symptoms
last 12 mths
GJH GJHS
Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
At individual sites
 Neck 1.66 (1.24–2.23)* 1.34 (0.99–1.82) 1.77 (0.94–3.33) 1.49 (0.78–2.84)
 Shoulders 1.68 (1.28–2.21)* 1.45 (1.09–1.92)* 3.79 (1.95–7.37)* 3.37 (1.72–6.58)*
 Elbows 1.33 (0.97–1.83) 1.29 (0.93–1.80) 2.14 (1.17–3.91)* 2.08 (1.13–3.83)*
 Hands/wrists 2.49 (1.87–3.32)* 2.24 (1.67–3.01)* 3.96 (2.22–7.08)* 3.53 (1.96–6.35)*
Prevented from performing their usual activities
 Neck 2.09 (1.51–2.90)* 1.82 (1.30–2.56)* 4.94 (2.75–8.90)* 4.41 (2.43–8.00)*
 Shoulders 1.77 (1.28–2.44)* 1.55 (1.11–2.18)* 3.75 (2.08–6.75)* 3.35 (1.84–6.09)*
 Elbows 1.43 (0.88–2.31) 1.37 (0.83–2.26) 2.86 (1.32–6.23)* 2.83 (1.28–6.27)*
 Hands/wrists 2.02 (1.39–2.94)* 1.82 (1.23–2.69)* 2.60 (1.30–5.18)* 2.36 (1.17–4.76)*
  1. *Indicates a p-value <0.025