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Table 5 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (Cl) for multivariate associations with pain in last 7 days in the lower limbs

From: Pain, pain intensity and pain disability in high school students are differently associated with physical activity, screening hours and sleep

   Hips Knees Ankles/Feet
Uni Multi Uni Multi Uni Multi
OR; IC95% OR; IC95% OR; IC95% OR; IC95% OR; IC95% OR; IC95%
Gender Female 1.64; [1.06;2.53]** 1.61; [1.01;2.57]** 1.90; [1.34;2.69]** 1.99; [1.36;2.93]** 1.41; [0.98;2.03]* 1.55; [1.04;2.32]**
Sleeping hours ≤7 h 1.55; [0.99;2.43]* 1.36; [0.84;2.21] 1.79; [1.25;2.58]** 1.76; [1.20;2.58]** 1.90; [1.30;2.78]** 1.88; [1.26;2.80]**
Physical activity Moderate 1.06;[1.01;1.11]** 1.06;[1.01;1.11]** 1.04;[1.01;1.09]** 1.03;[0.99;1.08] 1.08;[1.03;1.13]** 1.06;[1.01;1.11]**
Vigorous 1.03;[0.99;1.09]   1.07;[1.03;1.11]** 1.08;[1.03;1.13]** 1.05;[1.01;1.10]** 1.05;[1.01;1.10]**
Using mobile phones ≤1 h 0.82;[0.38;1.74] 0.79;[0.36;1.74] 1.01;[0.55;1.84] 0.89;[0.48;1.67] 0.91;[0.50;1.66] 0.84;[0.45;1.58]
[2;3] hours 1.02;[0.46;2.27] 0.91;[0.39;2.10] 1.12;[0.59;2.13] 0.87;[0.44;1.70] 0.85;[0.44;1.64] 0.73;[0.36;1.46]
[4;5] hours 1.67;[0.68;4.08] 1.42;[0.55;3.64] 1.84;[0.88;3.84] 1.26;[0.58;2.74] 1.09;[0.50;2.39] 0.80;[0.34;1.84]
≥5 h 2.56;[1.15;5.72]** 1.97;[0.83;4.66] 2.69;[1.38;5.24]** 1.75;[0.86;3.56] 1.96;[0.99;3.86]* 1.38;[0.66;2.88]
  1. *p < 0.1; ** p < 0.05; Only significant associations are shown; reference categories for OR: gender (male), age (13–15 years old), sleeping (≥8 h), using mobile phone (no use)