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Table 3 Quality of life outcome measures in the Group 1 and Group 2 treatment groups at 12-month follow-up

From: Early surgery with antibiotics treatment had better clinical outcomes than antibiotics treatment alone in patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis: a retrospective cohort study

  Group 1: Antibiotics only (n = 26)b Group 2: Early surgery with antibiotics (n = 35)b P value
Gender, n (%)
 Male 18 (69.2%) 26 (74.3%) 0.663
 Female 8 (30.8%) 9 (25.7%)  
Age (in years)
 Mean (SD) 62.0 (13.8) 58.4 (14.8) 0.348
 Range 30–85 16–82  
Pre-treatment kyphosis anglea
 Mean (SD) +11.765 (8.4780) +11.071 (7.2817) 0.741
 Range 1.2–35.0 1.7–29  
VAS score for back pain
 Mean (SD) 1.7 (1.7) 0.8 (1.4) 0.034
ODI score
 Mean (SD) 14.5 (12.9) 8.8 (8.4) 0.048
  1. VAS visual analogue pain scale, ODI Oswestry Disability Index
  2. aKyphosis angle: unit in degrees; positive value = kyphosis, negative value = lordosis
  3. bA substantial number of patients in both groups were unwilling or unable to contact by telephone to complete the follow-up questionnaire used to assess VAS and ODI after discharge