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Table 1 Demographic data of patients in the Group 1 and Group 2 treatment groups

From: Early surgery with antibiotics treatment had better clinical outcomes than antibiotics treatment alone in patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis: a retrospective cohort study

  Group 1: Antibiotics only (n = 47) Group 2: Early surgery with antibiotics (n = 43)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 33 (70.2%) 28 (65.1%)
 Female 14 (29.8%) 15 (34.9%)
Age (in years)
 Mean (SD) 62.5 (15.2) 58.9 (15.1)
 Range 30–85 16–82
Underlying comorbidity, n (%)
 DM 11 (23.4%) 16 (37.2%)
 ESRD 1 (2.1%) 4 (9.3%)
 Liver cirrhosis 5 (10.6%) 5 (11.6%)
 RA 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.3%)
 Drug addiction 3 (6.4%) 3 (7.0%)
Pre-treatment kyphosis anglea
 Mean (SD) +11.2 (8.4970) +10.986 (8.0919)
 Range 1.2–35.3 0.6–32
  1. SD standard deviation, DM diabetes mellitus, ESRD end-stage renal disease, RA rheumatoid arthritis
  2. aKyphosis angle: unit in degrees; positive value = kyphosis, negative value = lordosis