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Table 1 Baseline characteristics (n = 2,706)

From: Clinical course and prognosis of musculoskeletal pain in patients referred for physiotherapy: does pain site matter?

Socio-demographic
Geographical Regions, n (%)   
Capital Region of Denmark 594 (22.0)
Region of Southern Denmark 735 (27.2)
Central Denmark Region 499 (18.4)
North Denmark Region 878 (32.4)
Female, n (%) 1.798 (66.4)
Age, mean (SD) 48.3 (15.1)
Education, n (%)
Unskilled 392 (14.8)
Lower level (<3 years) 596 (22.5)
Vocational and training 426 (16.1)
Medium level (3–4 years) 802 (30.3)
Higher level (>4 years) 315 (11.9)
Other 118 (4.5)
Health-related benefits, n (%)
None 1.776 (65.6)
Temporary 245 (9.1)
Permanent 181 (6.7)
Retired 504 (18.6)
Private health insurance, n (%) 798 (30.1)
Compensation claim (litigation), n (%) 139 (5.2)
Pain and Function
Pain duration
  < 1 month 640 (24.2)
 1–3 months 739 (27.9)
 4–12 months 505 (19.1)
  > 12 months 766 (28.9)
Pain score 0–10,mean (SD) 6.5 (2.3)
Number of pain sites 0–9, mean (SD) 2.8 (1.7)
Pain during activity score 0–100, mean (SD) 32.7 (20.6)
Disability score 0–100, mean (SD) 26.2 (20.0)
Frequency of pain, n (%)
 Constant 979 (36.9)
 Daily basis 1,341 (50.6)
 2–6 times a week 212 (8.0)
 1–4 times a month 76 (2.9)
 Less often 42 (1.6)
Taking pain medication, n (%)
 Several times a day 818 (30.9)
 Once a day 243 (9.2)
 2–6 times a week 518 (19.5)
 1–4 times a month 383 (14.5)
 Less often 226 (8.5)
 Never 462 (17.4)
Co morbidity, n (%)
 1 591 (22.3)
 2 or more 224 (8.5)
 Previous episode, n (%) 1.357 (50.7)
Psychological factors
 Fear avoidance 0–30, mean (SD) 15.8 (8.4)
 Coping skills 0–10, mean (SD) 5.4 (2.8)
 Sleep score 0–100, mean (SD) 35.3 (29.0)
 Mental health score 0–100, mean (SD) 75.0 (17.6)
Health behaviour
 Smoker, n (%) 532 (19.7)
 Body Mass Index, mean (SD) 26.1 (4.7)
 Physical activity ≥30 min.0–7 days, mean (SD) 4.1 (2.5)
  1. Abbreviation: SD standard deviation