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Table 5 Recommended non-pharmacologic care interventions for LBP patients at the QEII HSC ED (n = 325)

From: Current management practices for patients presenting with low back pain to a large emergency department in Canada

Care provided Number (%)
Heat 23 (7.1)
Ice 24 (7.4)
Heat and ice 16 (4.9)
Movement (including stretching) 14 (3.1)
Rest 35 (10.8)
Over-the-counter medication 110 (33.9)
Ibuprofen 85 (26.2)