Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient, visit, and health service use characteristics of non-urgent LBP patients (n = 325)

From: Current management practices for patients presenting with low back pain to a large emergency department in Canada

Characteristics Number (%)
Age, years (median, IQR) 43 (30–57)
Female, sex 179 (55.1)
Primary care provider 305 (93.9)
Type of ED visit (n = 272; 53 missing)
 Emergency 265 (81.5)
 Direct to consult 4 (1.2)
 811 referral 2 (0.6)
 Return visit 1 (0.3)
 Missing 53 (16.3)
CTAS score (1–5)
 2 18 (5.5)
 3 124 (38.2)
 4 176 (54.2)
 5 7 (2.2)
Presenting pain severity EDIS (0–10) (n = 132; 193 missing)
 Mild (0–3) 13 (9.9%)
 Moderate (4–7) 76 (57.6%)
 Severe (8–10) 43 (32.6%)
Presenting pain severity Chart (0–10) (n = 54; 271 missing)
 Mild (0–3) 3 (5.6%)
 Moderate (4–7) 37 (68.5%)
 Severe (8–10) 14 (25.9%)
Duration of LBP complaint
 Acute (0–4 weeks) 302 (92.9)
 Subacute (>4–12 weeks) 10 (3.1)
 Chronic (>12 weeks) 13 (4.0)
Presence of sciatica (n = 219; 106 missing)
 Yes 70 (32.0)
 No 149 (68.0)
Presence of neurological symptoms (n = 258; 67 missing)
 Yes 49 (19.0)
 No 209 (81.0)
Responsibility for payment (n = 315; 10 missing)
 Department of Health, NS 261 (82.9)
 Other Canadian Province 11 (3.5)
 Self (Non-Canadian) 3 (1.0)
 Worker’s Compensation Board, NS 28 (8.9)
 Other 13 (4.1)
Method of Arrival (n = 317; 8 missing)
 Walk-in 251 (79.2)
 EHS ground 66 (20.8)
 Length of stay, Hours (median, IQR) 2.8 (1.92–4.43)
Departure destination
 Home 316 (97.2)
 Admitted 8 (2.5)
 Left against medical advice 1 (0.3)