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Fig. 5 | BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Fig. 5

From: Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor (PEDF) mediates cartilage matrix loss in an age-dependent manner under inflammatory conditions

Fig. 5

PEDF-deficiency protects against IL-1β-induced MMP-1, MMP-3 and MMP-13 protein production in metatarsal bone cultures. Metatarsal bones from 10 and 29 week old wild type or PEDF-deficient mice were harvested and cultured in the presence or absence of 10 ng/mL IL-1β for 7 days. Cryosectioned samples were analyzed for MMP protein levels by immunohistochemistry (IHC). AC: articular cartilage. SB: subchondral bone. Scale bar = 100 μm. a Samples were stained with rabbit anti-MMP-1 and counterstained with 0.5% Methyl Green in 0.1 M Sodium Acetate. Arrows indicate positive MMP-1 staining. b Samples were stained with rabbit anti-MMP-3 and counterstained with 0.5% Methyl Green in 0.1 M Sodium Acetate. Arrows indicate positive MMP-3 staining. c Samples were stained with mouse anti-MMP-13 and nuclei were stained with DAPI. Arrows indicate positive MMP-13 staining. The percent area staining positive for MMP-13 in the 10 and 29 week old samples was calculated as the area with MMP-13 staining along the articular cartilage area against the total articular cartilage area. For experiments involving either 10 or 29 week old mice, the middle three metatarsal bones isolated from three animals were used. Each data point in the graphs represents an individual metatarsal bone. Each treatment was repeated 5–11 times. Negative controls using goat anti-rabbit IgG or biotinylated horse anti-mouse IgG followed by streptavidin DyLight 594 alone are shown in the Additional file 2 Figure S1. Data are plotted as mean ± SEM. * p = 0.0281 (Mann–Whitney test)

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