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Table 4 Intervertebral disc and vertebral endplate subchondral bone changes by intervertebral space narrowing at the level of Modic 1

From: Intervertebral disc and vertebral endplate subchondral changes associated with Modic 1 changes of the lumbar spine: a cross-sectional study

Structural changes IVSN  
≤50% (n = 31) >50% (n = 70) p value
Asymmetric discopathy 10 (32.3) 34 (48.6) 0.191
Spondylolisthesis 4 (12.9) 21 (30.0) 0.129
Anterior disc herniation 11 (35.5) 40 (57.1) 0.054
Posterior disc herniation 16 (51.6) 40 (57.1) 0.667
Anterior osteophytes 13 (41.9) 55 (78.6) <0.001*
Posterior osteophytes 11 (35.5) 48 (68.6) 0.002*
  1. Data are no. (%) of patients
  2. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test or Fisher’s exact test; *p value < 0.0025