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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable linear regression models for predictors of positive change in expectations (PSOE; dependent variable) after the consultation

From: Expectations of pain and functioning in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a cross-sectional study

  Univariable models Multivariable model
Predictor (independent variable) Estimated regression coefficient 95% CI p-value Estimated regression coefficient 95% CI p-value
Number of pain sites 0.021 −0.138 to 1.180 0.796 0.000 −0.148 to 0.147 0.996
Marital status (married/partner/single) −0.359 −1.105 to 0.386 0.343 −0.007 −0.644 to 0.631 0.983
Pain and function*1 0.171 0.009 to 0.333 0.039** 0.013 −0.159 to 0.185 0.881
Smokers (daily) 0.105 −0.766 to 0.977 0.812 0.193 −0.581 to 0.968 0.624
Use of analgesics (daily) 0.024 −0.264 to 0.312 0.870 −0.095 −0.387 to 0.196 0.520
Sex (female) −0.594 −1.261 to 0.073 0.081 −0.295 −0.903 to 0.312 0.339
Language (Norwegian) 0.330 −0.664 to 1.323 0.514 −0.436 −1.326 to 0.453 0.335
HSCL-10 > 1.85 0.471 −0.093 to 1.036 0.101 −0.387 −0.996 to 0.221 0.200
Time of waiting (days) 0.005 −0.004 to 0.014 0.248 0.005 −0.003 to 0.012 0.200
Education (higher) 0.200 −0.144 to 0.544 0.254 0.206 −0.105 to 0.517 0.192
Age 0.017 −0.005 to 0.040 0.127 0.019 −0.002 to 0.039 0.077
Sick leave (yes/no) 0.389 −0.315 to 1.093 0.277 0.738 0.080 to 1.395 0.028**
Neck/back or shoulder diagnosis*2 0.662 −0.033 to 1.357 0.062 0.733 0.105 to 1.361 0.022**
PSOE exp. Before consultation 0.520 0.438 to 0.602 0.000** 0.548 0.453 to 0.644 0.000**
  1. HSCL Hopkins Symptom Checklist-10 (HSCL-10), cut-off of 1.85, PSOE Patient Shoulder Outcome Expectancies, Exp. expectations
  2. **Significant at p < 0.05
  3. *1PainFunction: mean 11NRS pain and functioning baseline scores
  4. *2Diagnosis categorization in additional file 2