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Table 5 Diagnostic accuracy of tendon reflex tests

From: Accuracy of clinical neurological examination in diagnosing lumbo-sacral radiculopathy: a systematic literature review

Author (year) Reference standard Sensitivity (95% CI) Specificity (95% CI) + LR - LR
Patella reflex Suri et al. (2010) [15] MRI 0.32 (0.31-0.53) 0.90 (0.89-0.95) 3.2 1.3
Iversen et al. (2013) MRI & CT 0.67 (0.21-0.94) 0.83 (0.75-0.89) 4.0 2.5
Coster et al. (2010) [7] EMG 0.18 (0.10-0.18) 0.66 (0.58-0.71) 0.5 0.8
Achilles reflex Albeck (1996) [13] Surgery 0.61 (0.47-0.73) 0.63 (0.38-0.84) 1.8 1.6
Vroomen et al. (2002) [10] MRI 0.14 (0.09-0.21) 0.93 (0.87-0.97) 2.0 1.1
Suri et al. (2011) [21] MRI 0.33 (0.13-0.59) 0.91 (0.77-0.98) 3.7 1.4
Iversen et al. (2013) MRI & CT 0.67 (0.21-0.94) 0.60 (0.51-0.69) 1.7 1.8