Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Associations between expectations to context and risk factors for MSD

From: Contradictory individualized self-blaming: a cross-sectional study of associations between expectations to managers, coworkers, one-self and risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers

   Physical Exertion (scale 0-11) Bodily Fatigue (scale 0-10) Mental Fatigue (scale 0-10) Low Back Pain (scale 0-10)
Managers Neutral (reference) 5.97 (5.41–6.53) 5.14 (4.65–5.62) 3.50 (2.87–4.13) 3.68 (2.91–4.45)
  Negative 0.62 (0.14–1.09) 0.63 (0.22–1.04) 0.60 (0.07–1.12) 0.79 (0.13–1.46)
  Positive -0.99 (-1.65 - -0.33) -0.19 (-0.75–0.38) -0.18 (-0.90–0.54) -0.12 (-1.02–0.78)
Work Gang Neutral (reference) 5.78 (5.22–6.34) 5.12 (4.63–5.6) 3.84 (3.21–4.46) 3.74 (2.96–4.52)
  Negative 0.12 (-0.43–0.68) 0.55 (0.07–1.02) -0.22 (-0.84–0.39) 0.47 (-0.31–1.25)
  Positive 0.08 (-0.47–0.63) -0.05 (-0.51–0.42) -0.37 (-0.97–0.23) 0.01 (-0.74–0.77)
Individual Worker Neutral (reference) 5.78 (5.23–6.34) 5.13 (4.64–5.61) 3.51 (2.89–4.13) 3.60 (2.82–4.37)
  Negative -0.07 (-0.78–0.65) 0.32 (-0.29–0.93) 0.10 (-0.68–0.88) 0.35 (-0.64–1.34)
  Positive 0.25 (-0.23–0.73) 0.16 (-0.25–0.57) 0.29 (-0.25–0.82) 0.58 (-0.11–1.26)
  1. Differences of least square means (95% confidence intervals) for physical exertion, bodily and mental fatigue, and low back pain in relation to negative and positive expectations, respectively, relatively to neutral expectations for managers, gang and individuals workers, respectively. The least square mean value of neutral are provided in italic for reference. All outcomes are mutually adjusted for each other in addition to age, job group, lifestyle factors (smoking and BMI), and depression. Significant differences from neutral are marked in bold