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Table 1 Participant characteristics and items 1, 2 and 4

From: Contradictory individualized self-blaming: a cross-sectional study of associations between expectations to managers, coworkers, one-self and risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers

Participant characteristics Total data     
Number of participants 481     
profession(N)      
 Bricklayer’s laborersβ 23     
 Bricklayer 80     
 Concrete workers 155     
 Scaffolders 63     
 Carpenters 160     
Age (Mean years (SD)) 39,9 (12.5)     
BMI (Mean kg/m2 (SD)) 26.2 (3.6)     
Smokers (%) 177 (38%)     
Depression(%) 31 (6.8%)     
Item 1 Item 2
In your opinion, who has the main responsibility for the physical exertion you undertake during work?     Do you have the opportunity to reduce the physical strain you experience during work? N = 472
My-self 312 (65%)    in a very high/high extent 64 (14%)
My colleagues 29 (6%)    to some extent 260 (55%)
My employer 190 (40%)    in a poor/very poor extent 148(31%)
Building material producers/suppliers 55 (11%)     
The construction industry in general 168 (35%)     
Item 4
1: How do you think your management will perceive the following? positive reception of no consequence negative reception total
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N
 that someone lowers work pace to better take care of their body 75 (16%) 151 (31%) 237 (49%) 463
 that someone turns in sick because of pains or soreness 81(17%) 194 (40%) 185 (39%) 463
 that someone complains about the physical strain in work 88 (18%) 185 (39%) 186 (39%) 459
 that someone will only work if the appropriate technical assistive devices are present 94 (20%) 135 (28%) 239 (48%) 459
2: How do you think your colleagues will perceive the following? positive reception of no consequence negative reception  
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N
 that someone lowers work pace to better take care of their body 116 (24%) 188 (39%) 161 (33%) 465
 that someone turns in sick because of pains or soreness 120 (25%) 237 (49%) 104 (22%) 461
 that someone complains about the physical strain in work 136 (28%) 229 (48%) 97 (20%) 462
 that someone will only work if the appropriate technical assistive devices are present 167 (35%) 171 (36%) 118 (25%) 456
3. How would you yourself perceive the following? positive reception of no consequence negative reception  
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N
 that someone lowers work pace to better take care of their body 226 (47%) 150 (31%) 85 (18%) 461
 that someone turns in sick because of pains or soreness 215 (45%) 186 (39%) 61 (13%) 463
 that someone complains about the physical strain in work 245 (51%) 157 (33%) 61 (13%) 463
 that someone will only work if the appropriate technical assistive devices are present 262 (55%) 135 (28%) 64 (14%) 461
  1. SD Standard deviation
  2. βBricklayer’s laborer’s in Danish construction work are workers who make sure bricklayers have all the materials they need, that the work site is ready to work, clean and tidy as well as plan work ahead. This is a very traditional organization of bricklaying