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Table 5 Odds of sick leave in the past 12 months by morbidity (types and number)

From: Work outcome in persons with musculoskeletal diseases: comparison with other chronic diseases & the role of musculoskeletal diseases in multimorbidity

  OR [95% CI]
Index diseases+
 Musculoskeletal disease 2.29 [1.92; 2.73]
 Cardiovascular disease 1.21 [0.99; 1.49]
 Diabetes 1.46 [0.97; 2.20]
 Respiratory disease 1.37 [1.05; 1.79]
 Mental disease 3.24 [2.33; 4.52]
 Cancer 2.20 [1.28; 3.76]
 Skin disease 1.24 [0.96; 1.61]
 Bowel disease 1.54 [1.01; 2.34]
 Migraine 1.91 [1.39; 2.63]
Number of morbidities*
 1 2.00 [1.75; 2.30]a
 2 2.72 [2.14; 3.44]a
 3 4.22 [2.74; 6.51]
  ≥ 4 8.19 [2.73; 24.59]
Single morbidity/multimorbidity in- and excluding MSKD*
 Musculoskeletal disease 2.50 [2.01; 3.10]b
 Any disease excl. MSKD 1.81 [1.55; 2.12]
 Multimorbidity including MSKD 4.04 [3.07; 5.34]c
 Multimorbidity excluding MSKD 2.40 [1.78; 3.24]
  1. Results of multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, level of education, origin, BMI and smoking status (n = 4770)
  2. Abbreviations: MSKD musculoskeletal disorder, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. +reference category = population without the index disease
  4. *reference category = healthy population
  5. aSignificantly different from estimate for previous disease count (i.e.1 vs. 0; 2 vs. 1 etcetera)
  6. bSignificantly different from estimate for single morbidity other than MSKD
  7. cSignificantly different from estimate for multimorbidity excluding MSKD