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Table 4 Adjusted association between the number of diseases and multimorbidity, in- and excluding musculoskeletal disease, and work status compared to ‘being employed’

From: Work outcome in persons with musculoskeletal diseases: comparison with other chronic diseases & the role of musculoskeletal diseases in multimorbidity

Number of diseasesϮ Work disabled* OR [95% CI] Living allowances* OR [95% CI] Unemployed* OR [95% CI]
 1 3.31 [2.35;4.65]a 1.46 [0.69; 3.10] 1.32 [0.92;1.88]
 2 9.16 [6.32;13.27]a 3.76 [1.67; 8.46]a 2.55 [1.63;4.00]a
 3 14.03 [8.88; 22.16] 6.37 [2.46; 16.51] 3.08 [1.60;5.92]
  ≥ 4 30.33 [14.87; 61.85]a 16.29 [4.94; 53.67] 4.50 [1.58;13.62]
Single and multimorbidity in- and excluding MSKDϮ    
 Single morbidity being an MSKD 2.00 [1.19; 3.39]b 1.39 [0.49; 3.99] 1.23 [0.71; 2.14]
 Single morbidity other than MSKD 3.91 [2.73; 5.60] 1.48 [0.64; 3.47] 1.36 [0.91; 2.02]
 Multimorbidity including MSKD 14.35 [10.02; 20.56] 6.32 [2.99; 13.35] 2.84 [1.78; 4.53]
 Multimorbidity excluding MSKD 9.92 [6.54; 15.05] 3.34 [1.25; 8.94] 2.65 [1.54; 4.58]
  1. Results of multivariable multinomial regression model adjusted for age, gender, education, BMI & smoking-status (n = 5340)
  2. Abbreviations: MSKD musculoskeletal disorder, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. *Paid work is the reference outcome
  4. ϮNo morbidity is the reference category
  5. aSignificantly different from estimate for previous disease count (i.e.1 vs. 0; 2 vs. 1 etcetera)
  6. bSignificantly different from estimate for single morbidity other than MSKD
  7. cSignificantly different from estimate for multimorbidity excluding MSKD