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Table 3 Adjusted association between the presence of a chronic disease (index disease) and work disability, dependence on living allowances, and economic unemployment compared to ‘being employed’

From: Work outcome in persons with musculoskeletal diseases: comparison with other chronic diseases & the role of musculoskeletal diseases in multimorbidity

Index diseasesb Work disableda (OR [95% CI]) Living allowancesa (OR [95% CI]) Unemployeda (OR [95% CI])
Musculoskeletal disease 2.06 [1.56; 2.71] 2.15 [1.18; 3.91] 1.35 [0.94; 1.96]
Cardiovascular disease 1.61 [1.18; 2.21] 1.29 [0.64; 2.62] 0.88 [0.55; 1.40]
Diabetes 2.32 [1.47; 3.67] 3.40 [1.38; 8.37] 1.88 [0.95; 3.72]
Cancer 3.26 [1.82; 5.85] 0.69 [0.09; 5.49] 1.73 [0.67; 4.48]
Respiratory disease 1.72 [1.16; 2.55] 2.02 [0.94; 4.38] 1.08 [0.59; 1.94]
Skin disease 1.96 [1.34; 2.86] 1.02 [0.38; 2.75] 1.37 [0.81; 2.32]
Mental disease 10.54 [7.69; 14.44] 5.60 [2.77; 11.34] 3.03 [1.91; 4.80]
Bowel disease 2.89 [1.74; 4.79] 1.65 [0.52; 5.29] 1.10 [0.46; 2.60]
Migraine 2.03 [1.30; 3.18] 1.13 [0.38; 3.40] 3.10 [1.90; 5.04]
  1. Results of multivariable multinomial regression model adjusted for age, gender, education, BMI, smoking status (n = 5340)
  2. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. aPaid work is the reference outcome
  4. bAbsence of index disease is the reference category