Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics of study population (paid work, work disabled, unemployed, living allowance, aged ≤ 65 years) by index diseases

From: Work outcome in persons with musculoskeletal diseases: comparison with other chronic diseases & the role of musculoskeletal diseases in multimorbidity

  Musculoskeletal disease(n = 925 (17.1%)) Cardiovascular disease(n = 662 (12.3%)) Diabetes(n = 180 (3.3%)) Cancer(n = 96 (1.8%)) Respiratory disease(n = 355 (6.6%)) Skin disease(n = 359 (6.7%)) Mental disease(n = 376 (7.0%)) Bowel disease(n = 164 (3.0%)) Migraine(n = 275 (5.1%)) No chronic disease(n = 3,156 (58.5%))
Age, mean (SD) 49.0 (10.5) 53.3 (8.8) 54.8 (8.0) 54.0 (8.5) 48.3 (11.0) 46.7 (11.0) 46.0 (11.0) 46.6 (11.1) 45.2 (10.9) 44.0 (10.8)
Women, n (%) 563 (60.9) 333 (50.3) 72 (40.0) 63.0 (65.6) 227 (63.9) 208 (57.9) 253 (58.0) 124 (75.6) 231 (84.0) 1685 (53.4)
Work status
 Paid work 706 (76.3) 509 (76.9) 115 (63.9) 64 (66.7) 265 (74.7) 281 (78.3) 216 (57.5) 108 (65.9) 203 (73.8) 2998 (95.0)
 Work disabled 152 (16.4) 113 (17.1) 46 (25.6) 26 (27.1) 66 (18.6) 56 (15.6) 121 (32.2) 46 (28.1) 45 (16.4) 86 (2.7)
 Unemployed 43 (4.7) 25 (3.8) 11 (6.1) 5 (5.2) 13 (3.7) 17 (4.7) 25 (6.7) 6 (3.7) 23 (8.4) 56 (1.8)
 Living allowance 24 (2.6) 15 (2.3) 8 (4.4) 1 (1.0) 11 (3.1) 5 (1.4) 14 (3.7) 4 (2.4) 4 (1.5) 16 (0.5)
BMI, n (%)          n = 269  
 Underweight 15 (1.6) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.6) - 4 (1.1) 6 (1.7) 11 (2.9) 4 (2.4) 7 (2.6) 42 (1.3)
 Normal 387 (41.8) 200 (30.2) 34 (18.9) 37 (38.5) 143 (40.3) 173 (48.2) 179 (47.6) 79 (48.2) 145 (52.7) 1858 (58.9)
 Pre-obese 340 (36.8) 261 (39.4) 66 (36.7) 39 (40.6) 121 (34.1) 122 (34.0) 108 (28.7) 57 (34.8) 76 (27.6) 980 (31.1)
 Obese 183 (19.8) 199 (30.1) 79 (43.9) 20 (20.8) 87 (24.5) 58 (16.2) 78 (20.8) 24 (14.6) 47 (17.5) 225 (7.1)
Level of education, n (%) n = 922 n = 656 n = 179   n = 352 n = 358 n = 374   n = 274 n = 3133
 Primary school or no education 29 (3.2) 25 (3.8) 11 (6.2) 4 (4.2) 13 (3.7) 12 (3.4) 9 (2.4) 7 (4.3) 3 (1.1) 43 (1.3)
 Lower professional school 154 (16.7) 102 (15.6) 37 (20.7) 15 (15.6) 59 (16.8) 48 (13.4) 45 (12.0) 22 (13.4) 38 (13.9) 244 (7.8)
 Middle or professional secondary school 331 (35.9) 245 (37.4) 57 (31.8) 28 (29.2) 121 (34.4) 118 (33.0) 126 (33.7) 56 (34.2) 94 (34.2) 920 (29.4)
 Secondary education 90 (9.7) 75 (11.4) 20 (11.2) 21 (21.9) 32 (10.5) 40 (11.2) 52 (13.9) 18 (11.0) 34 (12.4) 311 (9.9)
 University education 318 (34.5) 209 (31.9) 54 (30.2) 28 (29.2) 127 (36.1) 140 (39.1) 142 (38.0) 61 (37.2) 105 (38.3) 1615 (51.5)
Smoking status, n (%) n = 924 n = 660 n = 179   n = 353    n = 163   n = 3145
 Current smoker 217 (23.5) 131 (19.9) 42 (23.5) 20 (20.8) 73 (20.7) 74 (20.6) 118 (31.4) 41 (25.2) 64 (23.3) 567 (18.0)
 Never smoked 364 (39.4) 248 (37.6) 50 (27.9) 35 (36.5) 155 (43.9) 141 (39.3) 122 (32.5) 77 (47.2) 128 (46.6) 1610 (51.2)
 Former smoker 343 (37.1) 281 (42.6) 87 (48.6) 41 (42.7) 125 (35.4) 144 (40.1) 136 (36.2) 45 (27.6) 83 (30.1) 968 (30.8)
Number of co- morbidities, n (%)
 0 462 (50.0) 289 (43.7) 46 (25.6) 39 (40.6) 143 (40.3) 175 (48.8) 162 (43.1) 65 (39.6) 123 (44.7) 3156 (100.0)
 1 265 (28.7) 197 (29.8) 62 (34.4) 23 (24.0) 103 (29.0) 101 (28.1) 107 (28.5) 49 (29.9) 79 (28.7) N/A
 2 132 (14.3) 106 (16.0) 40 (22.2) 21 (21.9) 61 (17.2) 58 (16.2) 67 (17.8) 24 (14.6) 50 (18.2) N/A
  ≥ 3 66 (7.1) 70 (10.6) 32 (17.8) 13 (13.5) 48 (13.5) 25 (6.9) 40 (10.6) 26 (15.9) 23 (8.4) N/A
Sick leave during past 12 months in subsample with paid work
  n = 706 n = 509 n = 115 n = 64 n = 265 n = 281 n = 216 n = 108 n = 203 n = 2992
 Yes, sick leave n (%) 455 (64.5) 257 (50.5) 66 (57.4) 40 (62.5) 154 (58.1) 154 (54.8) 164 (75.9) 69 (63.9) 136 (67.0) 1173 (39.2)