Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain with respect to individual and work-related factors

From: Associations between musculoskeletal pain and work-related factors among public service sector computer workers in Kaunas County, Lithuania

Factors Shoulder N (%) Elbow N (%) Wrist/hand N (%) Upper back N (%) Low back N (%)
Individual
 Gender
  Men 4 (14.8) 2 (7.4) 4 (14.8) 9 (45.5) 15 (55.6)
  Women 255 (52.5)* 102 (21.0) 131 (27.0) 221 (33.3) 273 (56.2)
 Age
  23-29 years 19 (34.5) 5 (7.3) 12 (21.8) 19 (34.5) 30 (54.5)
  30-39 years 42 (46.2)* 10 (11.0) 21 (23.1) 38 (41.8) 48 (52.7)
  40-49 years 75 (50.3)* 36 (24.2)* 46 (28.9) 84 (56.4)* 86 (57.7)
  50-70 years 123 (56.4)* 54 (24.8)* 59 (27.1) 89 (40.8) 124 (56.1)
 Computer work experience
  1-5 years 48 (41.7) 14 (1.2) 26 (22.6) 40 (34.8) 62 (53.9)
  6-15 years 152 (53.0) 65 (22.6)* 80 (27.9) 144 (50.2)* 165 (57.5)
  16-36 years 59 (53.2) 25 (22.5)* 29 (26.1) 46 (41.4) 61 (55.0)
 BMI
   < 18.5 kg/m2 9 (47.4) 0 (0) 4 (21.1) 6 (31.6) 8 (42.1)
  18.6-24.9 kg/m2 128 (50.2) 50 (19.6) 71 (27.8) 122 (47.8) 133 (51.0)
   > 25 kg/m2 122 (51.0) 54 (22.6) 60 (25.1) 102 (41.7) 144 (60.3)*
Work-related
 Duration of working with a computer
   < 4 h/day 6 (30) 6 (30.0) 5 (25.0) 8 (40) 8 (40.0)
  4-6 h/day 47 (53.4)* 14 (15.9) 17 (19.3) 36 (40.9) 55 (62.5)
   > 6 h/day 206 (50.9)* 84 (20.7) 113 (27.9) 186 (45.9) 225 (55.6)
 Taking a break every 2 h
  Yes 30 (43.5) 15 (21.7) 13 (18.8) 26 (37.7) 31 (44.9)
  No 229 (51.6) 89 (20.0) 122 (27.5)* 204 (45.9) 257 (57.9)*
 Quantitative demands
  Low 84 (40.4) 32 (15.4) 42 (20.2) 73 (35.1) 112 (53.8)
  Average 80 (55.9)* 30 (21.0) 37 (25.9) 69 (48.3)* 79 (55.2)
  High 95 (58.6)* 42 (25.9)* 56 (34.6)* 88 (54.3)* 97 (59.9)
 Cognitive demands
  Low 59 (41.8) 17 (12.1) 31 (22.0) 56 (39.7) 74 (52.5)
  Average 96 (50.3) 41 (21.5)* 54 (28.3) 78 (40.8) 114 (59.7)
  High 104 (50.5)* 46 (25.4)* 50 (27.6) 96 (53.0)* 100 (55.2)
 Responsibility demands
  Low 63 (44.4) 23 (16.2) 35 (24.6) 51 (35.9) 80 (56.3)
  Average 79 (46.5) 28 (16.5) 45 (26.5) 81 (47.6)* 98 (57.6)
  High 117 (58.2)* 53 (26.4)* 55 (27.4) 98 (48.8)* 110 (54.7)
 Degree of freedom at work
  Low 135 (55.8)* 52 (21.5) 72 (29.8)* 114 (47.1) 138 (57.0)
  Average 73 (46.5) 33 (21.0) 40 (25.5) 69 (43.9) 87 (55.4)
  High 51 (44.7) 19 (16.7) 23 (20.2) 47 (41.2) 63 (55.3)
 Social support
  Weak 75 (54.3) 31 (22.5) 37 (26.8) 73 (52.9)* 89 (64.5)*
  Average 85 (46.4) 34 (18.6) 46 (25.1) 77 (42.1) 101 (55.2)
  Strong 99 (51.6) 39 (20.3) 52 (27.1) 80 (41.7) 98 (51.0)
  1. z test, *P < 0.05 - comparing with: youngest age group; smallest work experience group; 18.6-24.9 kg/m2 BMI group; <4 h/day working with computer respondents group; those who taking break every two hours; working in a positive work environment with respect to current psychosocial factor