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Table 3 Type of fixator, indications for lengthening, and complications

From: Regenerate bone stimulation following limb lengthening: a meta-analysis

   Indications for Lengthening (number)  
Authors, Year Fixator type Bone Transport Post-traumatic LLD Congenital LLD Symmetric Growth Restrictions Other LLD Complications
Salem and Schmelz, 2014 [43] Circular 0 21 0 0 0 NR
El-Mowafi and Mohsen, 2005 [41] Circular 0 18 Congenital Anterolateral Bowing of Tibia (2) 0 0 4 delayed unions, 1 failure to consolidate
Dudda et al., 2011 [40] Monolateral (23), Circular (6), hybrid (7) 0 NR NR NR NR 2 amputations (infection), 4 Pseudoarthroses
Gebauer and Correll, 2005 [42] Circular 0 1 Fibular hemimelia (5), CFD (1), Congenital Pseudoarthrosis (1) Achondroplasia (3), Russell-Silver syndrome (1) Polio (1) NR
Gonzalez et al., 2005 [44] Monolateral 0 0 Chondrodysplasia (1), fibular hemimelia (1) Achondroplasia (24), Turner's Syndrome (4) 0 NR
Eyres et al., 1996 [45] Monolateral (16), Circular (2) 0 0 Congenital short femur and tibia (2), Fibular hemimelia (1) Achondroplasia (4), Turner's Syndrome (2) Polio (1), infection (1), radiation (1), Ollier's (1) NR
Gold and Wasserman, 2005 [46] Circular 8 0 0 0 0 NR
  1. NR Not Reported