Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Sex/Gender differences in the independent rotator cuff surgical group

From: Sex and gender disparity in pathology, disability, referral pattern, and wait time for surgery in workers with shoulder injury

Variables (Mean, SD)/(N/%) Women (%) Men (%) Statistics P values
Age 51 (10) 52 (8) ttest = 0.43, p = 0.66
Referral pattern (N,%) 44 (29 %) 106 (71 %) χ2 = 25.63, p < 0.0001
Phi coefficient = 0.41, 95 % CI = 0.31–0.51
Effect size = Medium
Wait time
Wait time1
wait time2
20 (13)
95 (50)
14 (12)
77 (41)
Wilcoxon test = 2.61, p = 0.01
Wilcoxon test = 2.08, p = 0.04
Affected Side    
 • Right
 • Left
 • Bilateral
27 (61 %)
14 (32 %)
3 (7 %)
51 (48 %)
44 (42 %)
11 (10 %)
FET = 0.01, p = 0.36
Side operated on
 • Right
 • Left
57 (73 %)
21 (27 %)
48 (59 %)
34 (41 %)
χ2 = 1.36, p = 0.24
Mechanism of injury
 • Insidious
 • Repetitive activities
 • Fall
 • Traumatic
 • Other
4 (9 %)
10 (23 %)
11 (25 %)
16 (36 %)
4 (4 %)
13 (12 %)
41 (39 %)
37 (35 %)
FET = 0.13, p = 0.23
χ2: 2.62, p = 0.11
χ2: 2.57, p = 0.11
χ2 = 0.03:, p = 0.86
Pre-surgical medication use
 • Non-narcotic analgesics
 • Anti-inflammatory
 • Narcotics
18 (41 %)
16 (36 %)
5 (11 %)
25 (24 %)
17 (16 %)
9 (8 %)
χ2 = 4.56, p = 0.03
χ2 = 7.49, p = 0.01
FET = 0.30, p = 0.58
Type of surgery
 • RC repairs
 • Resection of clavicle
 • Acromioplasty
 • Biceps tenodesis
 • Biceps tenotomy
 • Debridement
19 (43 %)
9 (20 %)
41 (93 %)
2 (5 %)
3 (7 %)
13 (30 %)
52 (49 %)
24 (23 %)
96 (91 %)
8 (8 %)
13 (12 %)
40 (38 %)
χ2 = 0.83, p = 0.36
χ2 = 0.09, p = 0.77
χ2 = 0.27, p = 0.60
FET = 0.24, p = 0.72
FET = 0.15, p = 0.40
χ2 = 0.91, p = 0.34
Tear size (in cuff repair group)
 • Small
 • Moderate
 • Large
 • Massive
4 (21 %)
11 (58 %)
3 (16 %)
1 (5 %)
6 (12 %)
23 (44 %)
14 (27 %)
9 (17 %)
FET = 0.02, p = 0.049
  1. FET Fisher's Exact Test
  2. χ2 = Chi square
  3. Wait time1: Symptom duration (months)
  4. Wait time2: Consent date to surgical date (days)