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Table 3 Fundamental principles of the two interventions

From: Study protocol for Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy versus Cognitive Patient Education in combination with active individualized physiotherapy in patients with long-lasting musculoskeletal pain – a randomized controlled trial

Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy (NPMP) Cognitive Patient Education and active individual Physiotherapy (COPE-PT)
NPMP is specialization at post-graduate master level for physiotherapists COPE is taught to PTs during a 3 days course
Key elements in NPMP The education program has three basic elements
 • Readjust posture  • Reduction of what the patients
 • Harmonize muscle tension  • perceive as threatening inputs to the brain
 • Harmonize breathing  • Targeting the patients’ own understanding of the pain
 • Harmonize movements  • Exposure to the threatening inputs
 • Body awareness
 • Each treatment session last 45–60 min  • Each education session last 30 min
 • Once a week or every second week  • Education once a week for 4 times
 • For 3–6 months  • Followed by active, individualized physiotherapy according to pain problems once a week or every second week
 • For 3–6 months