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Table 2 Average annual costs per JIA patient (2012, in €)

From: Socioeconomic costs and health-related quality of life in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a cost-of-illness study in the United Kingdom

  Total (n = 23) Without Carer (n = 13) With Carer (n = 10)
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Health Care Costs
Medication 6,667 9,206 9,105 11,060 3,496 4,931
Tests 2,493 2,662 3,114 3,335 1,686 1,101
Outpatient and primary health care visits 4,169 3,206 3,718 3,355 4,754 3,074
Acute hospitalisation 1,047 2,962 1,451 3,894 522 826
Devices 114 162 100 131 132 201
Health care transportation 19 92 33 120 0 0
Subtotal 14,508 14,877 17,523 18,331 10,590 7,926
Non-Health Care Costs
Social services 50 241 89 320 0 0
Professional carer 597 2,546 0 0 1,372 3,830
Non-health care transportation 75 143 59 146 96 145
Caregiver time costs (informal care) 7,601 18,703 0 0 17,481 25,751
 Main caregivers 5,661 11,722 0 0 13,020 15,147
 Secondary caregivers 1,940 9,027 0 0 4,462 13,663
Subtotal 8,323 18,665 148 338 18,950 25,089
Total Direct Costs (Health Care Costs & Non-Health Care Costs) 22,831 24,728 17,671 18,550 29,540 30,862
Productivity Loss
Sick leave 190 513 240 600 125 395
Early retirement 8,525 14,673 7,542 14,332 9,804 15,786
Subtotal 8,715 14,566 7,782 14,636 9,929 15,705
 TOTAL COSTS 31,546 28,568 25,452 27,146 39,469 29,817