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Table 1 Range of motion

From: Enhanced function and quality of life following 5 months of exercise therapy for patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears – an intervention study

  Baseline mean (SD) 5 months mean (SD) Difference mean (95 % CI) Difference p-value
 Abduction  93.7 (38.9)  128.1 (52.7)  34.4 (11.6–57.2)  0.005*
 Flexion  132.5 (8.0)  133.9 (60.0)  1.4 (−24.1–26.8)  0.912
 External rotation  27.9 (18.6)  31.7 (15.7)  3.8 (−4.7–12.4)  0.364
  Baseline median (25th ; 75th percentiles) 5 months median (25th, 75th percentiles) Difference p-value
 VAS abduction  5.0 (3.0;6.3)  2.0 (1.0;4.0)  0.001*
 VAS flexion  5.0 (3.8;7.3)  1.0 (0.0;3.0)  <0.001*
 VAS external rotation  4.0 (1.8;6.3)  0.5 (0.0;3.8)  0.015*
  1. Range of motion presented as mean and standard deviations (SD) and pain reported on a visual analogue scale (VAS) presented as median, 25th and 75th percentiles during the same movement directions. The outcome measures were performed at baseline and 5 months follow-up. CI Confidence interval. * indicates significant difference