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Table 5 Associations between LBP and health variables in 14 to 16 year old Finnish adolescents

From: Low back and neck and shoulder pain in members and non-members of adolescents’ sports clubs: the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club (FHPSC) study

   LBPa Frequent LBPb
Variables Category Boys (n = 768) Girls (n = 856) Boys (n = 768) Girls (n = 856)
   ORc 95 % CI ORc 95 % CI ORc 95 % CI ORc 95 % CI
Chronic diseasesd No 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent)
  Yes 0.71 (0.44–1.13) 1.36 (0.95–1.96) 0.72 (0.34–1.55) 1.38 (0.84–2.25)
BMI   1.04 (0.97–1.11) 0.96 (0.91–1.02) 1.14 (0.44–2.99) 1.01 (0.94–1.09)
Neck pain No 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent)
  Yese 1.83 (1.132.96) 2.13 (1.473.09) 1.65 (0.72–3.77) 1.74 (0.91–3.33)
Thoracic spine pain No 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent)
Yese 9.39 (5.3916.34) 6.31 (4.159.59) 2.88 (1.22–6.82) 4.49 (2.617.74)
Upper limb pain No 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent)
  Yese 1.87 (1.02–3.44) 1.41 (0.90–2.12) 0.77 (0.26–2.27) 1.95 (1.123.40)
Lower limb pain No 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent) 1 (referent)
  Yese 1.74 (1.02–2.96) 1.53 (1.032.27) 1.52 (0.61–3.76) 1.42 (0.82–2.46)
  1. Statistically significant results are indicated in bold
  2. aLBP more than once a month during the last 3 months
  3. bLBP at least once a week during the last 3 months
  4. cBinary logistic regression was used and all variables were included in the same model. Analyses were adjusted by age, BMI, chronic diseases, smoking, school attainment level
  5. dAllergy, asthma, diabetes, epilepsy, heart condition, etc.
  6. eAt least once a month