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Table 4 Secondary outcome scores

From: Significant improvements in pain after a six-week physiotherapist-led exercise and education intervention, in patients with osteoarthritis awaiting arthroplasty, in South Africa: a randomised controlled trial

  Experimental Group
n = 35
Control Group
n = 39
Between-group difference over time
  Mean ± SD (out of 10) Mean ± SD (out of 10) Mean (95 % CI), ES (95 % CI)
Baseline
 Self-efficacy
 HRQoL
5.83 ± 2.57
0.36 ± 0.34
5.92 ± 2.24
0.38 ± 0.32
 
Week 6
 Self-efficacy
 HRQoL
7.36 ± 2.33*
0.65 ± 0.31
5.73 ± 1.96
0.44 ± 0.30
1.72(0.42, 3.0), ES = 0.76(0.28, 1.22)
0.23(0.6, 0.4), ES = 0.69(0.21, 1.15)
Week 12
 Self-efficacy
 HRQoL
6.95 ± 2.30
0.60 ± 0.32**
5.51 ± 2.00
0.36 ± 0.35
1.53 (0.38, 2.7), ES = 0.67(0.3, 1.13)
0.26(0.06, 0.46), ES = 0.71(0.24, 1.18)
Month 6
 Self-efficacy
 HRQoL
7.19 ± 2.12
0.55 ± 0.34
6.00 ± 1.93
0.37 ± 0.34
1.28(0.32, 2.2), ES = 0.59(0.12, 1.05)
0.2(0.05, 0.35), ES = 0.53(0.06, 0.99)
  1. *indicates a significant improvement in SE of the experimental group compared to control group
  2. **indicates a significant improvement in HRQoL of the experimental compared to control group