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Table 4 Pathogenesis of atypical femoral fractures

From: Management of atypical femoral fracture: a scoping review and comprehensive algorithm

AFF pathogenesis
Reduced bone turnover BPs and other powered antiresorptive drugs (i.e. denosumab)
Lower limb geometry Large femoro-tibial alignment (genu varum)
Bowed Femur
Varus neck-shaft angle
Others age, race, drugs, comorbidities