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Table 2 Pain, mobility, analgesic use, and length of stay after fusion in CBT and control group

From: Preoperative cognitive-behavioural intervention improves in-hospital mobilisation and analgesic use for lumbar spinal fusion patients

Outcome Reported as median (25th; 75th percentiles) unless stated otherwise CBT group N Control group N P-value
Back paina 5.4 (4.0;6.5) 44 5.3 (4.0;6.1) 21 0.74
Mobility on day 3, n (%)b   59   31  
 Walk 43 (73)   15 (48)   0.02
 Rise and sit from a chair 58 (98)   26 (84)   0.017
 Get in and out of bed 58 (98)   26 (84)   0.017
Analgesic use   59   31  
 Morphine equivalents 142.5 (70;275)   196.8 (145;345)   0.23
Hospitalisation   59   31  
 Number of days 5 (4;6)   4 (4;6)   0.46
  1. aPain: measured using numeric rating scale (0-10/best-worst)
  2. bThe numbers indicate the number (%) of patients being able to carry out the activity without support on the third postoperative day