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Table 3 Predictors of disability pension and voluntary early retirement for cleaners during the follow-up period

From: Early retirement among Danish female cleaners and shop assistants according to work environment characteristics and upper extremity complaints: an 11-year follow-up study

Cleaners Disability pension HR (95 % CI) Voluntary early retirement HR (95 % CI)
Age 1.00 (0.98 to 1.02) 1.27 (1.25 to 1.28)
Less than 40 weeks paid work the year before baseline 2.50 (1.82 to 3.43) 1.41 (1.10 to 1.82)
BMI 1.01 (0.98 to 1.03) 0.99 (0.97 to 1.01)
Use of a mop more than 10 h a week 1.01 (0.77 to 1.33) 1.20 (1.03 to 1.40)
Shoulder pain more than 90 days in the last year 1.98 (1.47 to 2.67) 1.40 (1.16 to 1.67)
Elbow pain more than 90 days in the last year 1.41 (1.02 to 1.94) 1.07 (0.85 to 1.35)
Daily tingling of fingers the last three months 1.58 (1.14 to 2.20) 0.82 (0.66 to 1.02)
High quantitative demand b 0.99 (0.99 to 1.00) 1.00 (0.99 to 1.00)
Low decision latitude b 1.00 (1.00 to 1.00) 1.00 (1.00 to 1.00)
Other ethnicity a 1.46 (0.97 to 2.19) 0.80 (0.46 to 1.12)
  1. a Information from the DREAM database; ‘other ethnicity than Danish’ is comprised of first and second generation of refugees or immigrants
  2. b Index COPSOC [17]