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Table 2 FMS-related health care resource utilization during the past 3 months

From: Fibromyalgia-related costs and loss of productivity: a substantial societal burden

Health care resources (n = 57) n (%)
Hospitalizations   
 Number of hospitalizations (max: 1)   
  0 56 98.25
  1 1 1.75
ED visits   
 Number of ED visits (max: 3)   
  0 51 89.47
  1 4 7.02
  2 or more 2 3.51
Physician consultations   
 Number of physician consultations (max: 6)   
  0 17 29.82
  1 23 40.35
  2 or more 17 29.82
   Family physician (max: 6) 36 63.16
   Anaesthetist (max: 1) 2 3.51
   Neurosurgeon (max: 1) 2 3.51
   Neurologist (max: 1) 3 5.26
   Prosthetist-orthotist (max: 1) 1 1.75
   Physiatrist (max: 1) 1 1.75
   Psychiatrist (max: 1) 3 5.26
   Rheumatologist (max: 1) 3 5.26
   Gastroenterologist (max: 2) 2 3.51
   Respirologist (max: 1) 1 1.75
   Urologist (max: 1) 1 1.75
Consultations to other health care professionalsa   
 Number of consultations to other health care professionals (max: 22)   
  0 20 35.09
  1 to 4 20 35.09
  5 or more 17 29.82
 Number of medical interventions and testsb   
  0 52 91.23
  1 2 3.51
  2 or more 3 5.26
 Over-the-counter medications purchasec (max: 5)   
  Yes 38 66.67
 Prescribed medications purchased (max: 13)   
  Yes 51 89.47
 Natural health products purchase (max: 6)   
  Yes 30 52.63
 Medical aids purchasee (max: 4)   
  Yes 12 21.05
 Employment of domestic help due to health status impairment   
  Yes 9 15.79
 FMS-related additional expensesf   
  Yes 16 28.07
  1. Notes:
  2. aIncluding nurse, acupuncturist, chiropractor, kinesiologist, massage therapist, naturopath, osteopath, pharmacist, physiotherapist, psychoeducator, psychologist, sexologist, and social worker
  3. bIncluding gastroscopy, injection of corticosteroids, and magnetic resonance
  4. cIncluding acetaminophen, acetylsalicylic acid, analgesic rubs, antiacids, collagen products, ibuprofen, laxatives, and muscle relaxants
  5. dIncluding 28:08 Analgesics and antipyretics (includes nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory agents and opiate agonists), 28:12 Anticonvulsants, 28:16 Psychotropics (includes antidepressants and antipsychotic agents), 28:20 Central nervous system stimulants, 28:24 Anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics, 28:32 Antimigraine agents, 28:36 Antiparkinsonian Agents,12:20 Skeletal muscle relaxants, 52:16 Local anesthetics, 56:12 Cathartics and Laxatives, 56:22 Antiemetics, 56:28 Antiulcer agents and acid suppressants, 56:32 Prokinetic agents, 08:30.08 Antimalarials, 24:24 Bêta-adrenergics blocking agents, 24:28 Calcium-channel blocking agents, 24:32 Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, 40:28 Diuretics, and 92:00 Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents according to the American Hospital Formulary Service (AHFS) classification system
  6. eIncluding bathroom aids, bedroom specialized equipment, canes, heat/cold bags, heating electric pads, heating patches, lumbar support, orthosis, strapping/taping bandages, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) devices and accessories
  7. fIncluding accommodations for outside town medical visits, ambulance fees, exercise/relaxation classes, house renovations (installation of custom medical equipment), and fees related to the reproduction/transmission of medical charts
  8. FMS Fibromyalgia syndrome, ED Emergency department