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Table 2 Comparison between patients with and without neural abnormality on MRI screening examination

From: The prevalence of intraspinal anomalies in infantile and juvenile patients with “presumed idiopathic” scoliosis: a MRI-based analysis of 504 patients

Descriptive data Normal (n = 410) Abnormal (n = 94) p value
Gender
 Male 127 46 <0.0001
 Female 283 48
Average age at presentation (yrs.) 7.4 ± 2.3 7.2 ± 2.6 NSa
Diagnosis of scoliosis
 IIS 60 11 NS
 JIS 350 83
Main curve magnitude 29.6 ± 9.3° 35.1 ± 12.7° NSa
Pattern of curve
 Left thoracic curve 47 21  
 Right thoracic curve 180 40 0.025
 Left lumbar curve 67 11  
 Right lumbar curve 3 6  
 Left thoracolumbar 77 4 <0.0001
 Right thoracolumbar 27 4 NSb
Main curve apex location
 Thoracic 210 47 NSb
 Thoracolumbar /lumbar 187 44
Degree of thoracic kyphosis 17.5 ± 4.8° 18.9 ± 9.5° NSa
Span of curve (levels) 6.4 ± 1.4 7.0 ± 1.2 NSa
  1. aThe student t test
  2. bthe chi-square test and otherwise the Fisher exact test was used
  3. NS indicates no statistical significance