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Table 1 Summary of outcome measures will be used to determine effectiveness of the treatment

From: Effect of retro and forward walking on quadriceps muscle strength, pain, function, and mobility in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Outcome Measurement tool
Primary outcomes
Knee pain NRS, Reduced WOMAC pain subscale
Knee function Reduced WOMAC physical function subscale
Secondary outcomes
Isometric quadriceps muscle strength Hand held dynamometer
Functional mobility Timed up and go test
  1. NRS numeral rating scale, WOMAC Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index