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Table 6 Logistic regression results (odds ratios, ORs) of having deficits in activities of daily living of various dimensions

From: Impairment in the activities of daily living in older adults with and without osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and chronic back pain: a secondary analysis of population-based health survey data

   Dependent variables
   Dimension 1   Dimension 2   Dimension 3   Dimension 4  
   Intense ADLs Basic IADLs Basic ADLs Hand-focussed ADLs
   OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Independent variables Osteoarthritis 1.68 1.39–2.03 1.09 0.90–1.32 0.98 0.80–1.20 1.32 1.00–1.75
Chronic back pain 1.19 0.99–1.42 0.94 0.78–1.14 0.95 0.78–1.16 1.03 0.78–1.36
Osteoporosis 1.45 1.11–1.88 1.37 1.08–1.73 1.24 0.97–1.57 1.25 0.92–1.71
Female sex (ref: male) 1.24 1.03–1.50 0.41 0.33–0.50 1.07 0.86–1.32 1.02 0.76–1.38
Age (5 year intervals) 1.86 1.74–2.00 1.80 1.68–1.93 1.79 1.66–1.92 1.47 1.34–1.62
Primary education (ref: tertiary) 1.17 0.79–1.74 0.90 0.60–1.36 0.96 0.60–1.55 1.24 0.59–2.62
Secondary education (ref: tertiary) 0.85 0.58–1.25 0.59 0.39–0.88 0.73 0.46–1.18 1.21 0.58–2.55
Pain intensity (per point) 1.26 1.22–1.31 1.15 1.12–1.18 1.18 1.14–1.22 1.15 1.11–1.20
Anxiety or depression 2.63 1.90–3.64 2.31 1.79–2.99 2.41 1.86–3.14 2.84 2.09–3.86
  Nagelkerke’s R2 0.378 0.250 0.257 0.166