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Table 3 The comparison between two consecutive measurements of active and passive joint position sense (AJPS and PJPS) for internal and external rotation (IR and ER) of 40 shoulders within the group of 20 healthy volunteers (Wilcoxon test: p was significant at < 0.05)

From: Shoulder proprioception – lessons we learned from idiopathic frozen shoulder

Parameters p Value
AJPS 1st measurement IR/ER 0.73
AJPS 2nd measurement IR/ER 0.45
PJPS 1st measurement IR/ER 0.95
PJPS 2nd measurement IR/ER 0.51
Average AJPS IR/ER 0.6
Average PJPS IR/ER 0.58