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Table 2 The average values, standard deviation (SD) and range of active and passive joint position sense (AJPS and PJPS) for internal and external rotation (IR and ER) of 40 shoulders from 20 healthy volunteers, together with the test retest evaluation of the inter-observer correlation coefficient (ICC) between 2 measurements

From: Shoulder proprioception – lessons we learned from idiopathic frozen shoulder

  Measurement (0) ICC
1 2
AJPS IR 2.94 (1.25), 1.0–5.8 3.00 (1.11), 1.0–5.2 0.97
AJPS ER 2.87 (1.33), 0.9–6.1 2.89 (1.09), 1.2–5.2 0.95
PJPS IR 2.40 (1.34), 0.3–5.3 2.64 (1.16), 1.0–5.0 0.96
PJPS ER 2.39 (1.38), 0.3–5.3 2.55 (1.26), 0.4–5.1 0.96