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Table 2 The unadjusted GEE analyses of the association between musculoskeletal pain (0–4) and work-related and individual risk factors

From: Multisite musculoskeletal pain among young technical school students entering working life

  All (N = 420)
Number pain sites No. observations = 8820 (T0-20, 6½ years)
  RR 95 % CI P-value
Gender Men 1.00   
  Women 1.26 1.15–1.39 <0.01
SO Low 1.00   
  High 0.90 0.81–1.01 0.06
Tobacco use No 1.00   
  Yes 1.16 1.06–1.26 <0.01
Mechanical workload (0–24) 1.00 1.00–1.01 0.01
Control over work intensity (0–4) 1.01 0.99–1.02 0.46
Quantitative work demands (0–4) 1.01 0.99–1.03 0.17
Perceived muscle tension (0–22) 1.03 1.02–1.04 <0.01
Handgrip strength (kg) 0.99 0.98–0.99 <0.01
Muscle endurance (Seconds) 0.99 0.99–0.99 0.02
Physical activity (0–6) 0.99 0.98–1.00 0.07
Time (T0-T20) 1.00 0.99–1.00 0.06
  1. [RR = rate ratio, CI = 95 % confidence interval]