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Table 2 Associations of participant and parental low-Socioeconomic status markers with self-reported health outcomes in CLEAR IIa

From: Socioeconomic factors and self-reported health outcomes in African Americans with rheumatoid arthritis from the Southeastern United States: the contribution of childhood socioeconomic status

  Current educationb Parental educationc Current homeownershipd Parent homeownershipd LRT p vs. full
Model 1      
 Fatigue (VAS cm) 0.45 (0.09,0.81) 0.21 (0.16,0.25)    0.06
 Disability (HAQ) 0.29 (0.18,0.40) −0.07 (−0.12,-0.02)    0.13
 Pain (VAS cm) 0.99 (0.49,1.48) 0.06 (−0.15,0.27)    0.20
 Helplessness (RAI) 0.23 (0.13,0.33) 0.09 (−0.10,0.27)    0.04
Model 2      
 Fatigue (VAS cm)    0.29 (−0.09,0.66) 0.82 (0.43,1.20) 0.85
 Disability (HAQ)    0.15 (0.10,0.20) 0.16 (0.09,0.24) 0.01
 Pain (VAS cm)    0.58 (0.27,0.89) 0.58 (−0.04,1.19) 0.03
 Helplessness (RAI)    0.27 (0.16,0.38) 0.16 (0.08,0.25) 0.22
Model 3      
 Fatigue (VAS cm) 0.22 (−0.13,0.58) 0.20 (0.15,0.24) 0.27 (−0.08,0.62) 0.75 (0.36,1.14)  
 Disability (HAQ) 0.24 (0.14,0.35) −0.06 (−0.11,-0.01) 0.11 (0.08,0.14) 0.12 (0.04,0.19)  
 Pain (VAS cm) 0.82 (0.33,1.30) 0.08 (−0.14,0.29) 0.46 (0.18,0.75) 0.40 (−0.24,1.04)  
 Helplessness (RAI) 0.16 (0.06,0.27) 0.10 (−0.08,0.29) 0.25 (0.15,0.36) 0.12 (0.03,0.21)  
  1. CLEAR Consortium for the Longitudinal Evaluation of African-Americans with Rheumatoid Arthritis, HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire, LRT Likelihood Ratio Test, VAS Visual analog scale (in centimeters), RAI Rheumatology Attitudes Index
  2. Bolded results are statistically significant at the α = 0.05 level
  3. aAdjusted for age; dataset restricted to the 516 participants with complete data on SES and covariates: age, sex, body mass index, disease duration, smoking status, current methotrexate/leflunomide use, and current biologic agent use
  4. bParticipant low education: ≤HS, compared to high education (>HS)
  5. cParental low education: <HS, compared to high education (≥HS)
  6. dNon-homeownership, compared to homeownership