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Table 1 Subject characteristics at baseline for all subjects (N = 2,313)

From: Low vitamin D and the risk of developing chronic widespread pain: results from the European male ageing study

Subject characteristics  
  mean (SD)
Age (years) 58.8 (10.6)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.6 (4.0)
Sit to stand time (seconds) 12.4 (3.2)
Time to walk 50 feet (seconds) 13.2 (2.8)
PASE score 201.2 (88.4)
25 (OH) D (ng/mL) 25.9 (12.6)
1,25 (OH) 2 D (pg/mL) 59.4 (15.9)
Alcohol-number of days alcohol consumed N (%)
 Never 349 (15.1)
 <1 week 631 (27.4)
 1–2 489 (21.2)
 3–4 297 (12.8)
 5–6 171 (7.4)
 7 371 (16.1)
Ever smoked (vs. never smoker) 1612 (70.8)
Depressiona (vs. not depressed) 272 (11.9)
Number of comorbidities  
 None 893 (39.1)
 1 453 (19.8)
 ≥2 940 (41.1)
Self-reported ≥30 minutes walking/cycling outside per day (vs. <30 minutes) 1493 (64.8)
Pain status  
 Pain free 959 (41.5)
 Some pain 1159 (50.1)
 CWP 195 (8.4)
  median (IQR)
Number of pain sites 1 (0–4)
  1. PASE, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly; 25 (OH) D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3; 1,25 (OH) 2 D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. aThe presence of depression was determined using Beck Depression Inventory with scores ≥10 indicating the presence of depression