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Table 3 15 criteria based on VAS ratings with a statistically significant difference between BSCOS and EPOS respondents. Shown are means and standard deviations

From: The most relevant diagnostic criteria for developmental dysplasia of the hip: a study of British specialists

Criterion BSCOS (n = 85) EPOS (n = 156) p-value
Leg-length discrepancy/Galeazzi sign 7.9 (2.7) 6.8 (3.0) 0.001
Any asymmetry of hip abduction 7.8 (2.1) 7.1 (2.5) 0.017
Flexible foot deformities 5.0 (2.9) 3.0 (2.5) <0.001
Torticollis 5.2 (2.7) 3.7 (2.5) <0.001
Abduction limited to ≤70° 5.2 (2.8) 3.7 (2.8) <0.001
Abduction limited to ≤60° 6.4 (2.5) 4.8 (2.7) <0.001
Abduction limited to 45° 7.9 (2.0) 6.9 (2.5) 0.001
Asymmetry in abduction ≥20° 8.4 (1.7) 7.8 (2.4) 0.019
Femoral head coverage ≤45 % 7.0 (2.8) 5.9 (3.4) 0.001
α angle <60° 5.3 (2.9) 4.0 (3.2) 0.002
α angle <55° 6.4 (2.8) 5.0 (3.2) 0.045
First degree relative treated for DDH 7.4 (2.2) 6.3 (2.6) 0.002
Any family history of DDH 5.7 (2.6) 4.9 (2.8) 0.044
Acetabular index >30° at 8 weeks 2.7 (2.8) 3.9 (3.1) 0.006
Midpoint of the femoral metaphysis lateral to Perkins line 4.6 (3.5) 5.6 (3.3) 0.047