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Table 1 The main characteristics of included studies

From: Comparison of patient-controlled epidural analgesia and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia after spinal fusion surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Disease Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA)
N(M/F) Average age Drugs POC N(M/F) Average age Drugs
Joshua 2013 [18] AIS 44 NM Bupivacaine Fentanyl 5 cm up to the middle of fused centrum 22 NM Morphine
Kluba 2010 [19] IDD 29 (14/15) 57 Ropivacaine Sufentanil 3 cm up to the middle of fused centrum 23 (14/9) 62 Piritramid
Gauger 2009 [17] AIS 19 (0/19) 15.1 Bupivacaine Hydromorphone 3–5 cm up to middle of fused centrum 19 (4/15) 14.7 Hydromorphone
Schenk 2006 [23] LS 28 (15/13) 42 Ropivacaine Sufentanil At the middle of fused centrum 30 (21/9) 50 Morphine
Fisher 2003 [22] IDD 36 (17/19) 50 Fentanyl Bupivacaine Epivacaine 10 cm up to the middle of fused centrum 38 (15/23) 51 Fentanyl
Cassady 2000 [20] AIS 17 (2/15) 14.6 Bupivacaine Epivacaine NM 16 (3/13) 14.4 Morphine sulfate
Coben 1997 [21] IDD 21 45 Morphine sulfate NM 21 45 Morphine sulfate Bupivacaine
Johnson 1989 [24] IDD 29 (21/8) 39 Fentanil Morphine sulfate 2–3 cm up to middle of fused centrum 13 (8/5) 39 Morphine sulfate
  1. N(M/F) numbers(male/female), POC position of catheter, AIS adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, IDD intervertebral disc degeneration, LS lumbar spodylolithesis