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Table 4 Fully adjusted association between Osteoarthritis (OA) in different sites and pre-frailty/frailty status (five multinomial regressions)a

From: Osteoarthritis and frailty in elderly individuals across six European countries: results from the European Project on OSteoArthritis (EPOSA)

  PRE-FRAILTY FRAILTY
CLINICAL OA AT ANY SITEb 1.54 [1.24-1.91] 2.96 [2.11-4.16]
KNEE OAc 1.43 [1.04-1.98] 2.08 [1.25-3.46]
HIP OAc 1.95 [0.86-4.42] 4.41 [1.41-13.82]
HAND OAc 1.50 [1.06-2.12] 2.57 [1.46-4.55]
CLINICAL OA-NUMBER OF SITES   
  OA 1 SITEb 1.45 [1.14-1.85] 2.47 [1.68-3.63]
  OA 2 SITESb 1.73 [1.16-2.57] 4.18 [2.42-7.22]
  OA 3 SITESb 2.26 [1.28-8.32] 8.95 [2.83-28.39]
  1. Values expressed as Odds Ratios. OR (95 % CIs)
  2. aOR Adjusted for age, gender, education, country, comorbidity and BMI
  3. bReference category: non-OA at any site
  4. cReference category: non-OA at that site