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Table 3 Association between Osteoarthritis (OA) and pre-frailty/frailty. Multinomial regression

From: Osteoarthritis and frailty in elderly individuals across six European countries: results from the European Project on OSteoArthritis (EPOSA)

Osteoarthritis (OA) (crude) 1.74[1.42-2.12] 3.69[2.74-4.97]
OA adjusted for age and sex 1.78[1.45-2.19] 3.91[2.83-5.40]
OA adjusted for age, sex, education & country 1.68[1.36-2.08] 3.65[2.63-5.08]
OA adjusted for age, sex, education, country & comorbidity 1.60[1.30-1.99] 3.26[2.34-4.56]
OA adjusted for age, sex, education, country, comorbidity & obesity 1.54[1.24-1.91] 2.96[2.11-4.16]
  1. Values expressed as Odds Ratios. OR (95 % CIs)
  2. Reference category: non-osteoarthritis