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Table 3 Baseline self-reported psychological and health characteristics of participants

From: Characteristics of patients with low back and leg pain seeking treatment in primary care: baseline results from the ATLAS cohort study

Psychological and other health measures (Denominatora) n = 609
HADs anxiety subscale (607)  
 Normal 316 (52.1)
 Mild/possible case 120 (19.8)
 Probable/moderate/severe case 171 (28.2)
HADs depression subscale (609)  
 Normal 392 (64.4)
 Mild/possible case 119 (19.5)
 Probable/moderate/severe case 98 (16.1)
Pain self-efficacy score (593), mean (SD) 34.1 (14.6)
Illness perceptions questionnaire-short form (IPQ-R)  
 Timeline-‘back/leg pain will last for a long time (agree or strongly agree) (609) 345 (56.7)
 Personal control-‘what I do can determine whether back/leg pain gets better (agree or strongly agree) (605) 367 (60.7)
 Identity score (0–7) (584), mean (SD) 5.9 (1.3)
General Health (608)  
 Excellent/very good 146 (24.0)
 Good 241 (39.5)
 Fair 172 (28.3)
 Poor 50 (8.2)
Co-morbidities b (609)  
 None 371 (60.9)
 One other health problem 158 (25.9)
 Two or more other health problems 80 (13.1)
EQ—5D—3L summary index (590) 0.44 (0.32)
  1. All figures are frequencies (percentages) unless stated otherwise as mean (SD)
  2. aDenominator varies for some participants due to missing data or not applicable case
  3. bThe health problems include chest problems, heart problems, raised blood pressure, diabetes, and circulation problems in the leg