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Table 1 Patient’s demographic and clinical characteristics at entry to the hospital (T0)

From: Comparison of patients in three different rehabilitation settings after knee or hip arthroplasty: a natural observational, prospective study

  Ambulatory treatment (AT) Cure Inpatient rehabilitation (IR) p p p
n = 93 (46.3 %) n = 46 (22.9 %) n = 62 (30.8 %) AT vs. Cure AT vs. IR Cure vs. IR
Age (y) 65 (+/− 11) 70 (+/− 9) 71 (+/− 8) 0.029* 0.001* 0.391
Sex (%) Female 46 (50 %) 31 (67 %) 37 (60 %) 0.045* 0.212 0.412
Living (%) Alone 16 (17 %) 15 (33 %) 20 (32 %) 0.043* 0.033* 0.969
With partner or Children 76 (82 %) 31 (67 %) 42 (68 %)
Smoking (%) Yes 15 (16 %) 3 (7 %) 5 (8 %) 0.112 0.142 0.762
Alcohol consumption (%) No 30 (32 %) 9 (20 %) 19 (31 %) 0.232 0.384 0.227
Sometimes 48 (52 %) 30 (67 %) 31 (50 %)
Daily 12 (13 %) 6 (13 %) 12 (19 %)
Several times per day 3 (3 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %)
Sports (%) None 35 (38 %) 12 (26 %) 21 (37 %) 0.286 0.108 0.384
<1 h/week 15 (16 %) 5 (11 %) 4 (7 %)
1 – 2 h/week 22 (24 %) 13 (28 %) 10 (18 %)
>2 h/week 21 (23 %) 16 (35 %) 22 (39 %)
Comorbidities (%) None 35 (38 %) 19 (41 %) 16 (26 %) 0.962 0.022* 0.059
1 34 (37 %) 11 (24 %) 15 (24 %)
2 10 (11 %) 12 (26 %) 19 (31 %)
>2 14 (14 %) 4 (9 %) 12 (19 %)
Joint (%) Hip unilateral 45 (49 %) 22 (48 %) 22 (35 %) 0.856** 0.188** 0.343**
Knee unilateral 46 (49 %) 24 (52 %) 31 (50 %)
Hip bilateral 1 (1 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (2 %)
Knee bilateral 1 (1 %) 0 (0 %) 7 (11 %)
Hip and knee 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (2 %)
Education (%) Basic school (8–9 years) 23 (25 %) 11 (24 %) 17 (27 %) 0.882 0.597 0.821
Vocational training 48 (52 %) 25 (54 %) 34 (55 %)
College/high school 11 (12 %) 7 (15 %) 6 (12 %)
University 9 (10 %) 3 (7 %) 5 (7 %)
  1. Age is the arithmetic mean (+/− standard deviation), all other values are n with the corresponding % at T0 (=admission to hospital). AT ambulatory treatment, IR inpatient rehabilitation, h/week hours per week, *statistical significance with p < 0.050, **statistical calculation only with two groups: hip and knee (i.e., not specified whether uni- or bilateral)
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