Skip to main content

Table 5 Association between visual analogue scale of present pain and body composition parameters

From: Association between neck and shoulder pain, back pain, low back pain and body composition parameters among the Japanese general population

  Model 1a Model 2b
Standardised β 95 % CI P-value* Standardaised β 95 % CI P-value*
Neck and shoulder pain
 Age (y) −0.16 −0.06 - -0.01 <0.01 - - -
 Total body muscle mass (kg) −0.13 −0.09 -0.007 <0.05 −0.26 −0.17- -0.008 <0.05
 Total body fat mass (kg) 0.03 −0.04 - 0.72 0.58 −0.007 −0.06 - 0.05 0.91
 Total body water (kg) −0.17 −0.15 - -0.03 <0.01 −0.27 −0.23 - -0.04 <0.01
 Total body fat ratio (%) 0.09 −0.009 - 0.07 0.13 0.04 −0.03 - 0.06 0.57
 Total body water ratio (%) −0.15 −0.14 - -0.01 <0.05 −0.11 −0.13 0.007 0.07
 Appendicular muscle mass (kg) −0.13 −0.17 -0.008 <0.001 −0.29 −0.36 - -0.04 <0.05
 Appendicular fat mass (kg) 0.05 −0.08 - 0.20 0.39 −0.02 −0.19 - 0.12 0.67
 Trunk muscle mass (kg) −0.13 −0.16 - -0.01 <0.05 −0.16 −0.25 - 0.04 0.16
 Trunk fat amount (kg) 0.02 −0.07 - 0.10 0.73 0.004 −0.08 - 0.09 0.94
 BMI (kg/m2) −0.08 −0.19 - 0.03 0.16 −0.05 −0.16 - 0.05 0.33
 AMI (kg/m2) −0.16 −0.81 - -0.14 <0.01 −0.24 −1.18 -0.20 <0.01
 BMR (kcal) −0.11 −0.003 - 0.00 0.05 −0.19 −0.005 - 0.000 0.05
Back pain
 Age (y) −0.09 −0.033 - 0.004 0.11 - - -
 Total body muscle mass (kg) −0.02 −0.03 - 0.02 0.74 −0.12 −0.09 - 0.03 0.31
 Total body fat mass (kg) −0.01 −0.04 - 0.03 0.83 −0.01 −0.05 - 0.03 0.79
 Total body water (kg) −0.05 −0.06 - 0.02 0.41 −0.15 −0.12 - 0.01 0.12
 Total body fat ratio (%) 0.01 −0.02 - 0.03 0.84 0.02 −0.03 - 0.04 0.75
 Total body water ratio (%) −0.05 −0.07 - 0.02 0.33 −0.06 −0.08 - 0.02 0.31
 Appendicular muscle mass (kg) −0.01 −0.06 - 0.05 0.80 −0.13 −0.18 - 0.05 0.25
 Appendicular fat mass (kg) −0.002 −0.106 - 0.103 0.98 −0.02 −0.13 - 0.09 0.75
 Trunk muscle mass (kg) −0.02 −0.06 - 0.04 0.69 −0.08 −0.15 - 0.07 0.47
 Trunk fat amount (kg) −0.02 −0.07 - 0.05 0.74 −0.01 −0.07 - 0.06 0.81
 BMI (kg/m2) −0.04 −0.11 - 0.05 0.48 −0.03 −0.10 - 0.06 0.61
 AMI (kg/m2) −0.033 −0.31 - 0.17 0.58 −0.09 −0.57 - 0.16 0.27
 BMR (kcal) −0.01 −0.001 - 0.001 0.76 −0.1 −0.003 - 0.001 0.29
Low back pain
 Age (y) 0.06 −0.01 - 0.03 0.28 - - -
 Total body muscle mass (kg) 0.02 −0.02 - 0.04 0.67 0.03 −0.06 - 0.08 0.79
 Total body fat mass (kg) −0.05 −0.07 - 0.02 0.34 −0.05 −0.07 - 0.03 0.41
 Total body water (kg) 0.02 −0.04 - 0.06 0.69 0.01 −0.07 - 0.09 0.84
 Total body fat ratio (%) −0.04 −0.04 - 0.02 0.44 −0.05 −0.06 - 0.03 0.52
 Total body water ratio (%) 0.05 −0.03 - 0.08 0.37 0.04 −0.04 - 0.08 0.47
 Appendicular muscle mass (kg) 0.03 −0.05 - 0.09 0.58 0.09 −0.08 - 0.20 0.43
 Appendicular fat mass (kg) −0.06 −0.19 - 0.06 0.30 −0.04 −0.19 - 0.90 0.47
 Trunk muscle mass (kg) 0.01 −0.05 - 0.08 0.77 −0.03 −0.15 - 0.11 0.79
 Trunk fat amount (kg) −0.05 −0.11 - 0.04 0.38 −0.05 −0.12 - 0.04 0.39
 BMI (kg/m2) −0.03 −0.12 - 0.07 0.60 −0.04 −0.13 - 0.06 0.49
 AMI (kg/m2) 0.03 −0.22 - 0.37 0.61 0.04 −0.34 - 0.54 0.65
 BMR (kcal) 0.01 −0.001 - 0.002 0.83 0.01 −0.002 - 0.003 0.90
  1. BMI, body mass index; AMI, appendicular muscle index; BMR, basal metabolic rate; CI, confidence interval. asimple linear regression model; bmultiple linear regression model adjusted for age and gender; *Significant P-values are in bold