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Table 3 Association between present pain and body composition parameters

From: Association between neck and shoulder pain, back pain, low back pain and body composition parameters among the Japanese general population

  Model 1a Model 2b
OR 95 % CI P-value* OR 95 % CI P-value*
Neck and shoulder pain
 Age (y) 0.96 0.94 - 0.98 <0.001 - - -
 Gender (F/M) 1.84 1.11 - 3.05 <0.05 - - -
 Total body muscle mass (kg) 0.98 0.95 - 1.01 0.24 0.98 0.92 - 1.05 0.74
 Total body fat mass (kg) 1.03 0.99 - 1.07 0.11 1.02 0.97 - 1.06 0.32
 Total body water (kg) 0.96 0.92 - 1.00 0.11 0.96 0.89 - 1.03 0.27
 Total body fat ratio (%) 1.03 1.00 - 1.06 <0.05 1.02 0.98 - 1.06 0.16
 Total body water ratio (%) 0.93 0.88 - 0.97 <0.01 0.94 0.88 - 0.99 <0.05
 Appendicular muscle mass (kg) 0.50 0.92 - 1.04 0.50 0.97 0.86 - 1.10 0.71
 Appendicular fat mass (kg) 1.12 1.00 - 1.24 <0.05 1.05 0.93 - 1.18 0.38
 Trunk muscle mass (kg) 0.95 0.90 - 1.01 0.11 0.98 0.88 - 1.10 0.82
 Trunk fat mass (kg) 1.04 0.97 - 1.11 0.24 1.59 0.93 - 2.72 0.08
 BMI (kg/m2) 0.98 0.91 - 1.07 0.78 1.01 0.93 - 1.10 0.75
 AMI (kg/m2) 0.83 0.65 - 1.06 0.14 0.80 0.55 - 1.17 0.26
 BMR (kcal) 1.00 0.99 - 1.00 0.62 1.00 0.99 - 1.00 0.95
Back pain
 Age (y) 0.98 0.96 - 0.99 <0.05 - - -
 Gender (F/M) 1.07 0.61 - 1.87 0.81 - - -
 Total body muscle mass (kg) 1.00 0.97 - 1.03 0.82 0.99 0.92 - 1.06 0.86
 Total body fat mass (kg) 0.35 0.96 - 1.05 0.85 1.00 0.95 - 1.05 0.84
 Total body water (kg) 0.99 0.95 - 1.04 0.88 0.97 0.90 - 1.05 0.51
 Total body fat ratio (%) 1.00 0.97 - 1.03 0.66 1.01 0.97 - 1.06 0.45
 Total body water ratio (%) 0.97 0.99 - 1.02 0.29 0.96 0.90 - 1.02 0.24
 Appendicular muscle mass (kg) 1.01 0.95 - 1.08 0.66 0.98 0.86 - 1.12 0.83
 Appendicular fat mass (kg) 1.02 0.91 - 1.13 0.73 1.00 0.88 - 1.14 0.93
 Trunk muscle mass (kg) 1.00 0.94 - 1.06 0.99 0.99 0.87 - 1.12 0.91
 Trunk fat mass (kg) 1.00 0.93 - 1.07 0.93 0.98 0.54 - 1.77 0.96
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.05 0.80 - 1.36 0.99 1.01 0.92 - 1.10 0.80
 AMI (kg/m2) 0.99 0.85 - 1.16 0.98 1.01 0.67 - 1.51 0.96
 BMR (kcal) 1.00 0.99 - 1.00 0.71 1.00 0.99 - 1.00 0.82
Low back pain
 Age (y) 1.00 0.98 - 1.02 0.57 - - -
 Gender (F/M) 0.80 0.47 - 1.35 0.40 - - -
 Total body muscle mass (kg) 1.01 0.98 - 1.04 0.53 1.00 0.94 - 1.06 0.63
 Total body fat mass (kg) 0.98 0.94 - 1.02 0.32 1.02 0.94 - 1.02 0.43
 Total body water (kg) 1.00 0.96 - 1.05 0.76 0.98 0.91 - 1.06 0.72
 Total body fat ratio (%) 0.98 0.95 - 1.01 0.32 0.98 0.94 - 1.02 0.48
 Total body water ratio (%) 1.01 0.96 - 1.06 0.59 1.00 0.95 - 1.06 0.84
 Appendicular muscle mass (kg) 1.01 0.95 - 1.08 0.59 1.00 0.89 - 1.13 0.89
 Appendicular fat mass (kg) 0.95 0.86 - 1.05 0.35 0.96 0.86 - 1.08 0.55
 Trunk muscle mass (kg) 1.02 0.96 - 1.08 0.49 1.00 0.88 - 1.12 0.93
 Trunk fat mass (kg) 0.96 0.90 - 1.03 0.31 0.97 0.90 - 1.03 0.37
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.00 0.79 - 1.28 0.34 0.95 0.88 - 1.03 0.28
 AMI (kg/m2) 1.01 0.87 - 1.16 0.89 0.89 0.62 - 1.29 0.56
 BMR (kcal) 1.00 0.99 - 1.00 0.70 1.00 0.99 - 1.00 0.91
  1. BMI, body mass index; AMI, appendicular muscle index; BMR, basal metabolic rate; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. aUnivariate logistic regression model; bMultivariate logistic regression model adjusted for age and gender; *Significant P-values are in bold