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Table 3 Values of hip and pelvic rotation for each phase of the gait cycle in the ACLR group

From: Three-dimensional kinematic analysis of ankle, knee, hip, and pelvic rotation during gait in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - early results

  Rotation for subsequent phases of the gait cycle First measurement Second measurement Third measurement ANOVA
Hip KHS Operated leg 7.75 ± 9.64* 1.43 ± 10.14* −0.78 ± 10.32* 0.003 (1.2;1–3)
Un-operated leg −5.96 ± 8.97 −5.60 ± 8.07 −4.12 ± 8.35 0.656
P 0.001 0.001 0.122  
K1 Operated leg 9.19 ± 7.81* 5.21 ± 9.13 3.45 ± 9.05* 0.029 (1–3)
Un-operated leg −4.90 ± 9.82* −2.90 ± 7.03 0.30 ± 7.73* 0.045 (1–3)
P 0.001 0.001 0.132  
K2 Operated leg 10.28 ± 8.13* 6.86 ± 7.97 4.45 ± 7.65* 0.016 (1–3)
Un-operated leg −3.55 ± 9.86 0.09 ± 8.26 2.71 ± 8.29 0.020 (1–3)
P 0.001 0.001 0.313  
KTO Operated leg 10.56 ± 9.56* 5.03 ± 8.05* 4.20 ± 7.90* 0.007 (1–2;1–3)
  Un-operated leg −1.24 ± 12.58 0.85 ± 7.59 3.67 ± 8.95 0.144
P 0.001 0.019 0.770  
K3 Operated leg 12.72 ± 9.32* 7.75 ± 9.57 5.35 ± 9.40* 0.008 (1–3)
Un-operated leg −1.33 ± 12.54 0.74 ± 8.00 2.96 ± 9.12 0.238
P 0.001 0.001 0.177  
K4 Operated leg 6.29 ± 10.11* −1.01 ± 10.64* −2.72 ± 11.02* 0.002 (1–2;1–3)
Un-operated leg −7.79 ± 9.26 −8.72 ± 8.40 −6.95 ± 8.08 0.713
P 0.001 0.001 0.043  
Pelvis KHS Operated leg 0.59 ± 4.63* 2.57 ± 3.91 3.95 ± 3.45* 0.005 (1–3)
Un-operated leg 4.82 ± 5.23 4.59 ± 3.58 4.38 ± 3.89 0.919
P 0.011 0.081 0.668  
K1 Operated leg 1.05 ± 4.48 2.50 ± 3.44 3.01 ± 2.94 0.093
Un-operated leg 5.77 ± 5.42 3.81 ± 3.47 3.72 ± 3.87 0.108
P 0.006 0.232 0.475  
K2 Operated leg −1.63 ± 4.78 −0.99 ± 3.74 −1.09 ± 3.53 0.791
Un-operated leg 3.01 ± 4.87 0.34 ± 3.08 −0.94 ± 3.85 0.001 (1–2;1–3)
P 0.003 0.196 0.963  
KTO Operated leg −6.54 ± 4.64* −3.95 ± 3.47* −4.31 ± 3.78 0.022 (1–2)
Un-operated leg −1.22 ± 3.99 −2.59 ± 2.80 −3.18 ± 3.33 0.067
P 0.001 0.145 0.285  
K3 Operated leg −5.84 ± 4.47 −4.20 ± 3.42 −3.84 ± 3.44 0.088
Un-operated leg −1.19 ± 4.26 −2.98 ± 2.69 −3.63 ± 2.91 0.014 (1–3)
P 0.003 0.199 0.841  
K4 Operated leg −0.65 ± 5.42* 2.06 ± 3.20* 3.78 ± 4.36* 0.001 (1–2;1–3)
Un-operated leg 4.61 ± 5.12 3.43 ± 3.61 3.78 ± 3.72 0.519
P 0.003 0.161 0.786  
  1. *- level of significance (p <0.05); (−) – external rotation; movements of internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) were measured and expressed in degrees (0)