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Table 3 Crude and adjusted odds ratios of symptom prevalence and related impacts associated with athletic statusa

From: Musculoskeletal symptoms in an adolescent athlete population: a comparative study

  Musculoskeletal symptoms during the last 6-months Impact of symptoms on school and/or work during the last 6-months Impact of symptoms on activities during the last 6-months
Crude Adjustedb Crude Adjustedb Crude Adjustedb
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Neck 2.67 (2.22–3.21) 2.52 (2.08–3.04) 2.72 (1.61–4.61) 2.68 (1.56–4.60) 2.02 (1.44–2.83) 1.93 (1.37–2.73)
Upper back 3.17 (2.61–3.86) 2.95 (2.41–3.60) 5.21 (3.02–9.00) 4.90 (2.80–8.58) 2.73 (1.98–3.75) 2.47 (1.78–3.43)
Low back 1.49 (1.24–1.78) 1.31 (1.09–1.58) 2.15 (1.44–3.20) 1.95 (1.29–2.94) 1.47 (1.15–1.90) 1.32 (1.02–1.70)
Shoulders 1.49 (1.24–1.80) 1.27 (1.05–1.54) 2.14 (1.26–3.61) 2.06 (1.20–3.52) 0.85 (0.63–1.14) 0.70 (0.51–0.96)
Elbows 0.74 (0.54–1.00) 0.68 (0.50–0.93) 1.29 (0.48–3.46) 1.24 (0.45–3.41) 0.67 (0.40–1.14) 0.61 (0.35–1.04)
Wrists/Hands 1.48 (1.19–1.83) 1.36 (1.09–1.69) 1.41 (0.77–2.56) 1.42 (0.77–2.61) 0.95 (0.66–1.36) 0.86 (0.59–1.24)
Hips/thighs 0.98 (0.79–1.22) 0.99 (0.79–1.24) 1.54 (0.81–2.95) 1.59 (0.82–3.08) 0.65 (0.45–0.93) 0.67 (0.46–0.97)
Knees 1.02 (0.85–1.23) 1.04 (0.86–1.25) 1.53 (1.03–2.27) 1.63 (1.08–2.45) 0.94 (0.74–1.19) 0.94 (0.74–1.21)
Ankles/feet 1.05 (0.87–1.26) 1.09 (0.90–1.32) 1.20 (0.83–1.74) 1.23 (0.86–1.85) 0.98 (0.78–1.24) 1.02 (0.80–1.29)
  1. aAthletes are used as the reference group
  2. bAdjusted for gender and age