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Table 2 Symptom prevalence and related impact differences between athletes and controls

From: Musculoskeletal symptoms in an adolescent athlete population: a comparative study

  Musculoskeletal symptoms prevalence 6-months Prevalence of school and/or work absence related to symptoms Prevalence of reduction in physical/leisure activities related to symptoms
Athletes n (%) Control n (%) Χ2 (df) p Athletes n (%) Control n (%) Χ2 (df) p Athletes n (%) Control n (%) Χ2 (df) p
Neck 462/1754 (26.3) 335/686 (48.8) 113.444 (1) 28/1754 (1.6) 29/686 (4.2) 14.963 (1) 85/1754 (4.8) 64/685 (9.3) 17.368 (1)
    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
Upper back 318/1754 (18.1) 284/688 (41.3) 142.566 (1) 20/1754 (1.1) 39/688 (5.7) 42.980 (1) 83/1754 (4.7) 82/687 (11.9) 40.648 (1)
    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
Low back 628/1752 (35.8) 310/683 (45.4) 18.898 (1) 57/1753 (3.3) 46/683 (6.7) 14.728 (1) 210/1753 (12.0) 114/682 (16.7) 9.547 (1)
    <0.001    <0.001    0.002
Shoulders 496/1752 (28.3) 253/682 (37.1) 17.790 (1) 32/1752 (1.8) 26/680 (3.8) 8.392 (1) 188/1751 (10.7) 63/681 (9.3) 1.169 (1)
    <0.001    0.004    0.280
Elbows 200/1753 (11.4) 59/681 (8.7) 3.887 (1) 12/1753 (0.7) 6/679 (0.9) 0.264 (1) 68/1753 (3.9) 18/681 (2.6) 2.198 (1)
    0.049    0.607    0.138
Wrists/Hands 306/1755 (17.4) 164/690 (23.8) 12.789 (1) 31/1755 (1.8) 17/688 (2.5) 1.274 (1) 118/1755 (6.7) 44/686 (6.4) 0.076 (1)
    <0.001    0.259    0.782
Hips/thighs 377/1755 (21.5) 146/688 (21.2) 0.020 (1) 25/1754 (1.4) 15/687 (2.2) 1.760 (1) 146/1754 (8.3) 38/686 (5.5) 5.484 (1)
    0.888    0.185    0.019
Knees 665/1755 (37.9) 264/687 (38.4) 0.060 (1) 70/1753 (4.0) 41/686 (6.0) 4.466 (1) 298/1754 (17.0) 111/687 (16.2) 0.245 (1)
    0.806    0.035    0.620
Ankles/feet 600/1751 (34.3) 242/686 (35.3) 0.223 (1) 95/1751 (5.4) 44/681 (6.5) 0.976 (1) 310/1751 (17.7) 119/682 (17.4) 0.022 (1)
    0.637    0.323    0.882